Tapered roller bearing-features and applications
Taper roller bearings is a type of bearing that is included in the category of thrust bearings. These are considered as the most efficient bearings of this category. They are designed perfectly to manage hugestellate as well as axial forces at the same time. In other words these are designed in such a way that they can support large thrust as well as large radial loads. Sometimes such loads may take the form of shock loads as well as constant loads.
Taper roller bearings are made up of two units. One is cup and other is called as cone. Cup is the name for outer race while cone is used for inner race. In addition to that cone is also composed of a separator as well as compliment. They are designed with interchangeable cone and cups on the shaft solitarily. Their design also allows facilities of fine adjustments, which are meant for end play. These are very sensitive, especially in terms of alignment as proper alignment and maintenance as well as axial clearance is very crucial to avoid the circumstances of bearing failure. With the evolution of time, certain advancements have been done as a result of which taper roller bearings are now available with 2 as well as with 4 rows.
Tapered roller bearings are used mostly for such applications that need back to back pairs in order to support axial forces in all the directions on equal basis. These are mostly used in vehicles as bearings of wheels because it is the site where bearings have to tackle the intense radial (vertical) forces as well as axial (horizontal) forces. They are commonly used for heavy-duty applications with moderate speeds, but the important aspect of their use is the durability. So, tapered ball bearings are designed such that they can afford heavy loads on moderate speeds and also respect the aspect of durability.